Examining and Keeping the Heart

“Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.” —Proverbs 4:23

THE Bible clearly teaches that the attaining of eternal life is possible only through the merit of the precious blood of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. From this standpoint life is a gift of God; but his gift is available only to those who believe, and this belief must be of the heart. Paul wrote, “With the heart man believeth unto righteousness [Greek, justification]; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.”—Rom. 10:10

The word “heart” appears in the Bible about eight hundred times, and in almost all instances it is used in a symbolic sense. In describing the various heart conditions which are possible, the Bible uses many expressions. The Bible speaks of “integrity” of the heart. (Ps. 78:72) The Bible speaks also of a heart that “fainteth;” a heart that is “hardened;” a “willing” heart; a “discouraged” heart; a heart that is “grieved,” and a heart that is “filled up.”

The Bible also speaks of “blindness” of heart; “astonishment” of heart; hearts that are “melted”; “glad” hearts, “merry” hearts, “rejoicing” hearts; “understanding” hearts; “singing” hearts, and “sorrowful” hearts. Then there are “clean” hearts, and hearts that are “strengthened.” There are “enlarged” hearts, “lonely” hearts, and “burning” hearts. There are “broken and contrite” hearts; and there is also “singleness” of heart.

It has been suggested that the heart is the seat of affection, and this definition would be in harmony with many scriptures referring to the heart. A more comprehensive thought would be that the heart is what we really are, in contrast with what we may outwardly appear to be. The Christian will endeavor always to have his outward demeanor conform to his inward heart sentiments, but because of the imperfections of the flesh there will be imperfections of word and deed which do not reflect what we really desire to be. How thankful we should be that the Lord does not judge his people according to what can be seen and heard by man, but that he is able to look upon the “hidden man of the heart.”—I Pet. 3:4

We are reminded of this in connection with Samuel’s anointing David to be King of Israel. Samuel made his selection from among the sons of Jesse, but the Lord said to him, “Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the Lord seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart.”—I Sam. 16:7


Psalm 57:7 reads, “My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed.” The marginal translation uses the word “prepared” instead of “fixed.” We are to be prepared to meet all the experiences of life, not in our own wisdom and strength, but in the wisdom and strength of the Lord. This heart preparation is one of our daily needs. We are to be prepared through our study of the Word, and by noting and taking to heart the wonderful promises of God by which he assures us of his loving care in all the affairs of our lives.

Study of the Word will also prepare us to know and do the Heavenly Father’s will in the various circumstances of life. We are not to study the Word with the thought of finding justification for the direction in which we want to go, but to be guided in the Lord’s ways. This will test our sincerity of heart. As Christians, we have dedicated our all to the doing of our Heavenly Father’s will, and doing his will is often difficult and costly. If we are to be prepared to accept his providences, our study of his Word must be with a genuine desire to have his rule come into our hearts more and more.

Our hearts are also prepared for the experiences of life through prayer—prayers which reflect an earnest desire to know and to do God’s will. Thus through prayer and the study of the Word our hearts are prepared for all the various experiences of life, many of which are not known in advance. If our hearts are properly prepared we will rejoice in the sunshine of our Heavenly Father’s smile. But when, at times, he frowns upon us through his providences, we will accept these experiences also as being from him, with the full assurance that he knows exactly what is best for us as new creatures. Thus, if we are prepared, we will not be discouraged by our trials, but will endeavor to use them as a means of drawing nearer to the Lord.


Hebrews 3:12-15 reads, “Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God. But exhort one another daily, while it is called, Today; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin. For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast unto the end.” Here it is indicated that an unbelieving heart might very well manifest itself in a tendency to waver in steadfastness for the Lord and for the truth.

Seemingly Paul had good reason to write in this way to the Hebrew brethren, for elsewhere in his epistle he indicates that they were indeed to some extent wavering. In chapter ten we read, “But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after ye were illuminated, ye endured a great fight of afflictions; partly, whilst ye were made a gazing stock both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly, whilst ye became companions of them that were so used. For ye had compassion on me in my bonds, and took joyfully the spoiling of your goods, knowing in yourselves [in your hearts] that ye have in heaven a better and an enduring substance. Cast not away therefore your confidence, which hath great recompense of reward. For ye have need of patience, that, after ye have done the will of God, ye might receive the promise.”—vss. 32-36

That the apostle should urge the Hebrew brethren to call to remembrance the former days suggests that they had lost some of the zeal they then had, and were not now so willing to suffer in the cause of Christ. And the cause for this was a loss of confidence. “Ye have need of patience,” he added, “that, after ye have done the will of God [in making a consecration and entering the narrow way of sacrifice], ye might receive [the fulfillment of] the promise.”

How wonderful is the Lord’s testimony to certain brethren in the church at Thyatira—“I know thy works, and charity, and service, and faith, and thy patience, and thy works; and the last to be more than the first.” (Rev. 2:19) The Lord knew this of these brethren because he could look into their hearts: he knew them as they really were. And what a wonderful commendation he gave them! Instead of losing their first love, instead of falling away from their steadfastness, they had increased in love, and faith, and patience, and works.

Why should this not be so with us? As we continue in the study of the Word, and in prayer, we should be coming better acquainted with the Heavenly Father, and all his glorious attributes. This should increase our faith in him and our love for him. This, in turn, should lead to an increase in our works of faith and labor of love. (I Thess. 1:3) Rather than loving the Lord, the truth, and the brethren less, we should be loving them more. Rather than slackening our work in the vineyard, we should be increasing it to the extent of our opportunities and abilities.

The Lord Helps

As Christians we know of the many promises of the Word which assure us of the Lord’s help in our every time of need, but these promises are not fulfilled on behalf of any who are not wholly sincere in devotion to the Heavenly Father. II Chronicles 16:9 reads, “The eyes of the Lord run to and fro throughout the whole earth, to show himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him.”

Certainly it is important to have a perfect heart before the Lord, for it is on the basis of what we really are that he is judging us and fulfilling his gracious promises on our behalf. As Paul states, the Lord “is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.” (Heb. 4:12) This would be a frightening thought were it not for our realization of the Lord’s mercy, and for the assurance that he knows that we are but dust and takes into consideration our fleshly imperfections. Knowing this, we can have confidence, for we are assured of God’s justice and his love, as he deals with us on the basis of the Redeemer’s blood.

Our concern should be that our professions of love for the Lord and for his cause are genuine, and that they are a reflection of our true selves. The Apostle John wrote, “Let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth. And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.” (I John 3:18,19) Loving the Lord and his people merely in “word” and in “tongue” is not enough to warrant the Heavenly Father’s taking us into the inner circles of those upon whom he is showering his rich blessings. Rather, our love must be in “deed” and in “truth;” it must be a genuine love springing from a heart that is completely devoted to the Lord and to the doing of his will.

Deceived Hearts

How do we know that we love in deed and in truth rather than merely by word and tongue? James gives us one clue. “If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man’s religion is vain.” (James 1:26) Here is a very searching text. It suggests the possibility of self-deception, which means that while we may have concluded that we are very sincere in our devotion to God, we could be wrong, and that one test would be the extent to which we bridle our tongues and thus keep them under control, particularly when speaking of the Lord’s people.

We would not think of slandering the Lord—not knowingly at least—yet, because of self-deception, we might conclude that it is perfectly proper to speak evil of the Lord’s people. How do we measure up to this test? Do we find ourselves engaged in casting reflections upon this or that or the other brother? Or are our hearts so filled with the love of God and love for his people that we find it distasteful to cast reflections upon them? Do we find ourselves saying that this or that brother is going out of the truth simply because he does not see eye to eye with us on every detail of the truth; or does the love of God in our hearts prompt us to leave our brethren in the Lord’s hands, meanwhile doing all we can to uphold the banner of truth that others may be helped to see the way of the Lord more clearly?

Jesus stated the matter very clearly and bluntly when he said, “Whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught; but those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man.” (Matt. 15:17,18) As a rule, we talk about those things which seem the most important to us. If we have allowed our hearts to become corrupted, then we will delight to talk about those corrupt things, which will further add to our own corruption of heart, and might well defile others.

Jesus said that by our words we are justified, and that by our words we are condemned. The Lord knows our true heart condition even if we were to say nothing; but when we express ourselves, others can discern, at least in a measure. If they are Christians, they know that speaking evil is not right, and that speaking the truth in love is a reflection of that which is good within. Thus, words from the good treasure of our hearts lead to righteousness and life.

We read in Jeremiah 17:9 that the heart is “deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked.” This is true of all of us by nature, for we are members of the sin-cursed and dying race, and it is a lifelong struggle to purify the heart. It can be done only through prayer and earnest study of the Lord’s Word, and with his help, hence our earnest prayer at all times should be, “Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.” (Ps. 51:10) Yes, God does help as we co-operate with him through a sincere use of his Word, realizing that through his Word the Lord is speaking to us, and that only as we listen and obey will the cleansing power of the Holy Spirit “create” that “clean heart” within us which we so much desire.

The Lord Examines

We have noted the possibility of deceiving our own hearts; which simply means deceiving ourselves. But nothing that we can say or do will deceive the Lord, so it is well to seek his co-operation in the examination of our hearts. The Psalmist did this, saying, “Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts.” (Ps. 139:23) It may take courage to make a request like this to the Lord, for not only will he answer our prayer, but in his loving providences will overrule in our affairs to remove any impurities of heart which he may find—and sometimes these providences may be in the form of trials.

The Bible speaks of “sorrowful” hearts, and at times we may well feel sorrowful because of our trials. It is at such times that we can comfort one another. The source of our comfort is the Lord. Paul wrote, “If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies, fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.”—Phil. 2:1,2

Hearts Enlarged

To the church at Corinth Paul wrote, “O Corinthians, our mouth is open unto you, our heart is enlarged.” (II Cor. 6:11) It is a serious thing for the literal heart to become enlarged, but Paul was speaking of his symbolic heart, of his inward feelings of determination to continue laying down his life for the brethren at Corinth and elsewhere. Speaking of his own experiences in the ministry, and what should be, and is, the attitude of all the consecrated, Paul wrote:

“In all things approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses, in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in watchings, in fastings; by pureness, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Spirit, by love unfeigned, by the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left, by honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report: as deceivers, and yet true; as unknown, and yet well known; as dying, and, behold, we live; as chastened, and not killed; as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.” (II Cor. 6:4-10) These were the realities of the Christian life which led Paul to exclaim, “O ye Corinthians, our mouth is open unto you, our heart is enlarged.”

Broken Hearts

Psalm 34:18 reads, “The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a broken heart; and saveth such as be of a contrite spirit.” And again, “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.” (Ps. 51:17) A broken heart is the opposite of a stubborn heart, and a contrite spirit is a spirit of humility in the light of one’s own imperfections and shortcomings. Hearts that are proud and hard are not fit soil for the operation of the Holy Spirit of God, for such hearts resist the Spirit, or, as Paul symbolically puts it, they “grieve” the Spirit.—Eph. 4:30

And what a reassuring promise God makes to those who are of a contrite spirit—“Thus saith the high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place, with him also that is of a contrite and humble spirit, to revive the spirit of the humble, and to revive the heart of the contrite ones.” (Isa. 57:15) How wonderful it is to realize that God does dwell with those who are humble of heart, and whose chief desire is to know and to do his will! He dwells with us by his Spirit, through his Word. He dwells with us through his people, who, as they live up to their privileges, help to comfort and revive us when we are downhearted and discouraged.

This rich blessing of God’s presence is ours only if we keep our hearts with all diligence. God does not dwell with the evil-hearted, or with the hardhearted. He dwells only with those whose hearts have been strengthened through faith, and who apply themselves diligently to their privilege of obeying his words and precepts. It is thus that they are kept humble, and pure, and rejoicing. It is such rejoicing hearts that find themselves fully in accord with those blessed sentiments of humility and obedience so beautifully stated by David:

“The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple.

“The statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes.

“The fear of the Lord is clean, enduring forever: the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.

“More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.

“Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.

“Who can understand his errors: cleanse thou me from secret faults.

“Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.

“Let the words of my mouth, and the meditations of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O Lord, my strength, and my Redeemer.”—Ps. 19:7-14

Dawn Bible Students Association
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